Asset Recovery and Mutual Legal Assistance in Asia and the Pacific
Proceedings of the 6th Regional Seminar on Making International Anti-Corruption Standards Operational
While it grows easier for corrupt agents to move - and to move the proceeds of their crimes - across borders, law enforcement continues to operate within national boundaries. Mutual legal assistance is often required to bring the offenders to justice and to recover assets. Existing mechanisms for mutual legal assistance are, however, largely inadequate.
The ADB/OECD Anti-Corruption Initiative for Asia and the Pacific convened 170 policy makers, experts and practitioners to strengthen regional cooperation. Participants exchanged experiences and strategies on implementing international standards for asset recovery and encouraging mutual legal assistance. The presentations, analyses, and discussions among experts at the regional seminar in September 2007 are compiled in this publication. It is addressed to policy makers, practitioners, and experts who wish to learn from the experiences of other countries in strengthening frameworks and practices for mutual legal assistance and the recovery of assets.
Infrastructure and Trade in Asia
Edited by Douglas H.Brooks, Jayant Menon,
By Asian Development Bank Institute
Analysis of infrastructure's role in facilitating international trade and consequently regional economic integration is still rudimentary. This original book fills that knowledge gap by exploring relevant concepts, measurement issues, aspects of the implementation of trade-related infrastructure facilities and their impacts on poverty, trade, investment and macroeconomic balances.
Continuing the series of books produced in association with the Asian Development Bank Institute, this study explores the virtuous cycle of infrastructure investment, trade expansion and economic growth in developing Asia. Issues relating infrastructure, both hard and soft, to trade facilitation and trade costs are defined and examined, and the role of infrastructure in regional cooperation to enhance intraregional trade is analysed. Empirical estimates of trade costs in Asia suggest there is significant room for infrastructure to lower those costs further. By approaching the infrastructure-trade nexus at the regional level through cooperative activities, this study shows it is possible to increase the range of policy options and risk management opportunities.
Infrastructure and Trade in Asia will be of interest to trade and infrastructure policymakers, academics at graduate and above levels involved in economic development and Asian studies as well as those in the development community interested in regional cooperation and integration.
The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009: Highlights
By Michael E.Porter, Klaus Schwab
World Economic Forum
This year's Global Competitiveness Report is being released at a time of multiple shocks to the global economy. The subprime mortgage crisis and the ensuing credit crunch, combined with rising inflation worldwide and the consequent slowdown in demand in many advanced economies, has engendered significant uncertainty about the short-term outlook for the world economy. Global growth is slowing, and it is not yet clear when the effects of the present crisis will subside.
The financial market crisis that began in early 2007 is almost unprecedented in its impact, having resulted not only in losses in markets and for financial institutions, but also in an erosion of public confidence in the financial sector and among the institutions themselves across the industrialized world. In the meantime, rising energy and commodity prices are having a dual effect on emerging and developing economies: on the one hand, boosting growth; on the other hand creating inflationary pressures that raise the basic cost of living, thus increasing poverty levels. More generally, although the present slowdown was originally expected to be confined mainly to the United States, it is now spreading to other industrialized economies and it is not yet clear what the future will bring for emerging markets.
Policymakers are presently struggling with ways of managing these multiple shocks intelligently while preparing their economies to perform well in an economic landscape characterized by growing volatility. In an unstable global financial environment, it is more important than ever for countries to put into place the fundamentals underpinning economic growth and development. The World Economic Forum has for the past 30 years played a fiicilitating role in this process, by providing detailed assessments of the productive potential of nations worldwide. The Report is a contribution to enhancing our understanding of the key factors determining economic growth, and explaining why some countries are much more successful than others in raising income levels and opportunities for their respective populations, offering policymakers and business leaders an important tool in the formulation of improved economic policies and institutional reforms.
This year's Report is characterized by the continued expansion of our country coverage. Currently featuring a total of 134 economies, it remains the most comprehensive assessment of its kind. The Report contains a detailed profile for each of the economies featured in the study as well as an extensive section of data tables with global rankings covering over 100 indicators.
This Report remains our flagship publication within our Global Competitiveness Network, which groups a number of research studies that truly mirror the increased integration and complexity of the world economy. Concurrent complementary publications include The Global Information Technology Report 2007-2008, The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008, The Global Enabling Trade Report 2008, The Financial Development Report 2008, and The Global Gender Gap Report 2007.
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